South India History

The history of South India dates back to 8000 BC. History abounds with the evidence that human civilization thrived in South India in all ages – prehistoric, ancient and medieval besides the modern.

Prehistoric ages:
Ash moulds found in South India testify that Neolithic cultures once existed here.  During excavation, objects like ground stone axes and other objects of iron and copper were also found in this region. Carbon- dating of these articles reveals that South Indian passed through Iron Age since 1000 BC followed by the Bronze age.

Ancient history:
The ancient history of South India witnessed the rise and fall of several ruling dynasties namely Satavahanas of Amaravati, Kadambas of Banavasi, Western Ganga and Chalukya dynasty of Badami, Western Chalukyas, Eastern Chalukya, Cholas, Cheras, Pallavas, Kakatiya, Pandyas and Rashtrakutas of Manyaketha.

Medieval period:
This period saw the emergence of Muslim rule in South India.  Through a decisive battle in1323 AD, Tughlaq dynasty of Delhi Sultanate wrested power from Kakatiya dynasty of Warangal.  After the decline of the Bahmani Sultanate in the other parts of South India, Qutb Shahi dynasty of Golconda came to power.  Their dynastic rule continued till the middle of the seventeenth century followed by the rule of Mughal dynasty in South India.  With the death of Aurangzeb, the empire lost its hold in South India.  As a result, Wodeyar kingdom of Mysore, the Asaf Jahis of hyderabad and the Maharatas established their rule in parts of South India.

Modern Period:
In the middle of seventeenth century, European powers entered the scene to colonize South India. Through three battles, the British wrested control of South India and the French remained confined to Pondicherry.  After independence in 1947, the states of Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu besides Pondicherry as the Union Territory came into existence under State Reorganization Act(1956). 
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